21CD twenty-first century development

Kronsberg

Kronsberg, Hannover, Germany

Kronsberg is a new residential eco-district on a former greenfield site. This eco-district accommodate 15,000 residents and commercial areas in an ecological way

Size:

395 acres. 6,000 units

Dates:

Planning 1990-1994, first phase 1996-2000, ongoing

Project Team:

City Council, 30 different developers

Performance levels achieved:

  • Standard

  • Good

  • Better

  • Living

  • Regenerative

Place
Limits to Growth
Food
Habitat
Transportation
Water
Energy
Health + Happiness
Civilized Environment
Neighborhood Design
Biophilia
Resilient Connections
Materials
Material Plan
Embodied Energy & Carbon
Waste
Equity
Neighborhood & Access
Access to Nature
Access to Community Services
Investment
Beauty
Inspiration

Goals & Strategies:

Place

Food

Goals: Not defined.

Strategies: Market, proximity to services, composted food waste for gardens.

Habitat

Goals: Not defined.

Strategies: Green-roofs, courtyard gardens, central park, constructed wetlands, every building has access to open spaces.

Transportation

Goals: Public transportation oriented community.

Strategies: High density development with access to tram line connecting neighborhoods to greater community, walkable neighborhoods, bicycle infrastructure, traffic minimization strategies, 0.8 parking space ratio per apartment.

Water

Water

Goals: Water retention and infiltration into the ground.

Strategies: Water-saving fixtures, storm water retention and collection, 42-50% infiltration of rainwater, green-roofs, landscaped drainage and retention ponds.

Energy

Energy

Goals: Reduced C02 emissions by 60%. Average: Heating demand: 56 kWh/m².

Strategies: Low-energy construction to meet LEH standard, designed to meet energy efficiency targets, energy saving appliances, district solar heating, 32 passive houses, 3.6 MW wind turbines, 2 decentralized combined heat and power plants.

Health + Happiness

Equity

Goals: Ensure a mix of income levels can live in the development.

Strategies: Non-toxic certified materials, high density development, pedestrian friendly, community centers including schools, day care centers, health center, commercial area, art center, shopping, religious centers.

Materials

Embodied Energy & Carbon

Goals: Not defined.

Strategies: Low energy construction methods, non-toxic certified materials used.

Waste

Goals: 80% of construction waste not landfilled.

Strategies: Waste management innovations, home composting, organized waste facilities, 80% pre-sorting of waste and recyclables from construction.

Download Case Study (PDF)

Sources: energy-ities.eu  |  rudi.ne  |  unil.ch (PDF)  |  slideshare.net (PDF)  |  HannoverSustainUrbDev.pdf

*Note: This case study was developed using found information.