21CD twenty-first century development

Quartier Vauban

Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Quartier Vauban is an energy-efficient residential community with some services. All buildings must achieve a minimum energy standard. 100 units are built to passive house standard or plus energy standard (producing more energy than they consume).

Size:

94 acres. 5,000 residents.

Dates:

1993-2006

Project Team:

Forum Vauban

City of Freiburg

Common & Gies Architects

Performance levels achieved:

  • Standard

  • Good

  • Better

  • Living

  • Regenerative

Place
Limits to Growth
Food
Habitat
Transportation
Water
Energy
Health + Happiness
Civilized Environment
Neighborhood Design
Biophilia
Resilient Connections
Materials
Material Plan
Embodied Energy & Carbon
Waste
Equity
Neighborhood & Access
Access to Nature
Access to Community Services
Investment
Beauty
Inspiration

Goals & Strategies:

Place

Food

Goals: Cooking with biogas instead of natural gas.

Strategies: Access to farmer's markets in the area.

Habitat

Goals: Not defined.

Strategies: Preserve existing trees. Landscaping practices avoid using herbicides and fertilizer. Reed bed water filtration garden.

Transportation

Goals: 40% of residents live without owning a vehicle.

Strategies: Transit-oriented. Car sharing system. Bicycle infrastructure. Walking paths. Proximity to public transportation.

Water

Water

Goals: Not defined.

Strategies: Rainwater capture and storage. Greywater purified and used in houses. Water infiltration into ground. Blackwater separated by vacuum toilets connect to biogas plant.

Energy

Energy

Goals: All buildings to achieve 65 kWh/m2 heating energy, reduce C02 emissions by 60%.

Strategies: 100 units built to passive house standard or plus energy standard. Solar hot water. Solar PV. Cogeneration plant operates with 80% wood chips and 20% natural gas. District heating, biogas plant.

Health + Happiness

Materials

Embodied Energy & Carbon

Goals: Not defined.

Strategies: Thermal bridge-free construction. Renovation of existing buildings. Prefabricated elements. Triple-pane windows. Designed for adaptability over time. Preference for recycled materials.

Waste

Goals: Not defined.

Strategies: Not reported.

Equity

Neighborhood & Access

Goals: Not defined.

Strategies: Public access to streets. Human-scale design. Community house, playgrounds, community engagement in planning and operation.

Download Case Study (PDF)

Sources: Passive House

*Note: This case study was developed using found information.